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flotation of pgm converter slag

Treatment of Platinum Flotation Products

Many existing technologies for treating pgm ore are based on mechanical beneficiation high-temperature smelt- ing and converting operations and hydro-.

Effect of copper collector form on recovery of suspended ...

PGMs Platinum group metals used as alyst which reduces toxic ... to recover the platinum group metals from spent alytic converters. ... copper in the slag and alloyed with the suspended PGM particles to form the liquid Cu-PGM system.

Slag Float Plant Maintenance Agreement - Outotec

Performance-based maintenance for Slag Flotation Plant. KPIs in OH and S availability and maintenance management through systematic phased approach with...

Full article: Converter processing of platinum group metals

16 Aug 2018 ... PGM converting more specifically is an upgrading step usually applied to ... PGM producers to clean the slag through milling and flotation...

ISACONVERTTM—Continuous Converting of Nickel/PGM ...

with Calcium Ferrite Slag. M.L. Bakker S. Nikolic ... nickel/PGM matte converting process. Figure 2 shows how the ... flotation before refining.18. Slag would be...

Commodities: Platinum Group Metals: Refereed Publi ions

Minerals Engineering International: Metallic Ores: Platinum Group Metals. ... Improved flotation of PGM tailings with a high-shear hydrodynamic cavitation device ... for converter Fe end-point control associated with Ni-Cu-S-PGM converter mattes ... in electric arc furnace slag International Journal of Mineral Processing Vol.

EP0173425A1 - Process for the extraction of platinum group ...

A process for separating platinum group metals PGM's from various feedstock ... the surface of a slag layer to accelerate the association of platinum group metals with ... and flotation to produce a concentrate containing platinum group metals and ... The product from the converter is granulated and treated electrolytically to...

Metallurgical operations - Northam - Northam Platinum

The principal consumers of PGMs are the motor-manufacturing and jewellery ... PGM-containing matte is tapped from the furnace and sent to the converter for...

Enhancing the flotation recovery of copper minerals in smelter ...

31 Dec 2019 ... They also reported that the copper content of most smelter slags is normally around 1–2 wt. % while that of the converter slag lies between 2...

by Flotation - IAENG

21 Oct 2011 ... recovery and grade of PGMs from UG2 ore by flotation. Flotation is a ... between matte and slag and form a mushy layer at the matte-slag...

Production - South Africa - PMM

The principal pgm-bearing reefs are the Merensky Reef and the Upper Group 2 ... The pgm content of this flotation concentrate varies between 100 and 1000 ... is separated from the unwanted minerals which form a slag and are discarded. ... The pgm content of the "converter matte" now exceeds 1400 grams per tonne.

The recovery of platinum group metals from low ... - SAIMM

The study has shown that base metals and PGMs can be recovered in an iron alloy by. SiC reduction of LG concentrate with converter slag additions. Integration...

Metal Bulletin Glossary

An AOD converter is a special converter for refining stainless steels. Argon and oxygen ... The slag that results floats on top of the liquid iron. The dolomite form...

Improving Beneficiation of Copper and Iron from Copper Slag ...

Therefore regarding the recovery of iron from copper flotation slag more prior ... The roasting-magnetic separation process is the route to convert the metals into...

World production and possible recovery of cobalt from the ...

Flotation is the most efficient method for recovery of cobalt from sulphide ores. Flotation ... and platinum group metals would add a great value to this company. ... The exception is cobalt which concentrates in the converter slag 1-2% 17 .

physicochemical characterization of copper slag ... - doiSerbia

cooling and flotation or pyrometallurgical or hydrometallurgical ... converting slag from a waste to a resource. ... while base metal and PGM smelter slag was.

Beneficiation and Extractive Metallurgy of PGE - SGS

Elements and PGM Platinum Group ... Catalytic converters containing ... The flotation stage in recovery of PGE ... matte in the slag and oxidising conditions.

Cracking a hard nut: an overview of Lonmin's operations ...

A significant portion of the PGMs in UG2 ore is locked in sili es and requires ... The smaller amounts of furnace matte converter slag and off-gas do not warrant ... Slag concentrate from the flotation circuit and repulped reverts are thickened...

Flotation cell technology and circuit design—an Anglo ...

5 Nov 2007 ... focus areas in the PGM mineral beneficiation ... PGM flotation has undergone a considerable evolution in both ... Converter and furnace slag. 1.

Platinum in South Africa - Pyro.co.za

and is the largest producer of platinum-group metals PGMs . These vast resources ... milling flotation drying smelting converting refining and marketing. Amplats ... The converter slag requires further treatment as the vigor- ously turbulent...

DC arc smelting of difficult PGM-containing feed materials

from a milling-flotation process for the treatment of revert materials from an ... from converter slag but the grade of the resulting alloy was rather low as very...

Slide 0 - Anglo American Platinum

PLATINUM. ○ Platinum Group Metals PGMs are recovered through underground and open pit mining from poly-metallic ... Flotation. Drying and smelting in electrical furnace. Air/O2 blown. Converters. Sulphur ... Slag Cleaning Furnace.

Recovery of cobalt nickel and copper from slags using DC ...

... cobalt copper and platinum group metals from furnace or converter slags emanating ... Slags are sometimes treated by slow cooling milling and flotation.

Enhancement of the nickel converter slag-cleaning operation ...

4 Aug 2018 ... Keywords: converter slag; spent potlining; matte; nickel; matte settling; fayalite. 1. Introduction ... where Δ is the flotation coefficient γs/g represents slag sur- ... Cobalt and Platinum Group Metals Elsevier New York. 2011 p.

Recovery of Platinum Group Metals from Spent Furnace ...

2.10 THE USE OF PGMs IN VEHICLE CATALYTIC CONVERTERS ........................................... 43 ... After melting the flux forms a slag that floats on top of the molten...

Common-sense improvements to electric smelting at Impala ...

Keywords: Pyrometallurgy furnace PGM platinum nickel copper electric ... higher resistivity converter slag contains on average approx- imately 62% iron...

Spinel Removal from PGM Smelting Furnaces - 911 Metallurgist

Keywords: Pyrometallurgy furnace smelting spinel PGM phase diagrams ... and some originates from refractory wear particularly where converter slag is ... modify the flotation process to minimise the amount of chrome contained in the.

SYKE 316 - Helda

This study focuses on the smelting converting and electrorefining steps. The min- ... The basic function of slag flotation is to separate copper from the slag by using flo- ... like gold and platinum group metals fall to the bottom of the anode-bags.

18 - Flotation of Platinum Group Metal Ores - MyCourses

The flotation of copper–nickel-containing. PGM was discussed in Volume I of this book. Page 3. 18.3 Description of PGM-Dominated Deposits. 21. 18.3...

Major Mines and Projects Mogalakwena Mine

Flotation; Leaching plant / circuit; Magnetic separation; Solvent Extraction and ... Converter slag is reduced in an electric furnace to recover PGMs and base metals...

The recovery of platinum group metals from low-grade ...

In order to decrease slag viscosity and to enhance PGM recovery the FeO content of the Easterns concentrate was increased with the addition of 10 kg converter...

Quantifi ion of water usage at a South African platinum ...

ulated before being sent through milling and flotation to recover any PGM still contained in the slag Cramer 2001 . The matte is sent through a converter.

Flotation as a method for concentration of precious metals in ...

... converters are smelted in electric arc furnaces EAF for PGM recovery. With approx. 40 ppm PGM depleted EAF slags still contain significantly higher amounts of ... Flotation emerged as a possible option for enriching PGMs from EAF slag.

Extractive Metallurgy of Copper

Specific Flotation Procedures for Cu Ores. 55. 4.4. Flotation Cells ... Smelting Products: Matte Slag and Offgas. 84. 5.5.1. Matte. 84. 5.5.2. Slag. 84. 5.5.3. Offgas ... Oxygen Enrichment of PeirceeSmith Converter Blast. 140. 8.4. ... copper nickel and platinum-group metals industries Price Harris Hills Boyd and . Wraith 2009 .

Optimization of the flotation of copper smelter slags from ...

reverberatory furnace slag iii copper converter slag iv final flotation plant ... the flotation of PGM ores particularly in the case of the UG2 ore in the North West...

Trithiocarbonates for PGM flotation - Metals Conferences

density between matte and slag and form a mushy layer at ... DTP in a reagent suite for the flotation of platinum group metals PGM have significantly.

An overview of Southern African PGM smelting - Outlook

The converter slag can be treated either in a slag-cleaning furnace as practised by Anglo. Platinum or by subsequent milling and flotation. Continuous converting.

Extractive Metallurgy of Nickel Cobalt and Platinum Group ...

Platinum group metals are extracted from sulfide ores. ... Several ferronickel smelters are converting their power stations from fuel oil to coal. The recovery of nickel to ferronickel is between 90% and 98%. The loss of nickel is minimized by minimizing slag mass. ... The nickel sulfide is separated from the host rock by flotation.

PDF An overview of South African PGM smelting

PDF The largest known platinum group metal PGM deposit in the world is the ... Near the slag-matte interface the concentration of matte particles in ... commission a flotation plant and to install a small blast furnace and converter unit for the.

Extraction of Platinum Group Metals IntechOpen

Processing of PGM involves comminution flotation smelting converting base ... The specific gravity of matte ranges from 4.8 to 5.6 and that of slag ranges from...

9 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION South Africa has more than 80 ...

of platinum-group metals PGMs from ores containing copper nickel and iron sulphide. JONES ... Generally the ore is treated by crushing grinding and flotation to produce a concentrate ... The oxygen partial pressure in converter slag is.

2.7 Peirce-Smith Converters - University of Cape Town

The TSL PGM converter was chosen for the reasons that the ... as the process outputs masses of the components of converter matte slag and offgases. ... mixed with water and flotation chemicals and passed through the flotation cells where...

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